U Opinion | Architects’ Tea House – When Will AI Change Architecture after Defeating Go?
This article originally appeared in “Architects’ Tea House” Official Accounts
Participants (in order of speaking)：
Director of BIAD 1A1 Design Institute
Associate Architect of Beijing Institute of Architectural Design and Design Director of 9th Design Institute
Founder of UrbanTect Architecture and Planning Design
Chief architect of Beijing Tianhong Yuanfang Architectural Design CO., LTD.
Deputy Director of the Institute of Design and Research of China Radio and Television
Architect of BIAD 1A1 Design Institute
Associate Architect of Beijing Institute of Architectural Design and Design Director of 5th Design Institute
Ming Hui studio host
Origin of topic:
The AlphaGo defeated Lee Sedol last year, and many people think it as a groundbreaking change. At the beginning of this year, the AlphaGo defeated a group of human go players with an amazing 60 winning streaks. Many things have changed our social forms and types of operation due to the excessively rapid development of artificial intelligence. For example, the application of BIM in architectural design, in the early 1990s, designers shifted to CAD from previous freehand sketching. At that time, there was a computer institute at BIAD to develop CAD graphics software, and BIM is widely used now. As a result, BIM has caused large impacts on architectural design forms and architects. The most obvious effect is that relevant efficiency has been improved by BIM, and some architects have to switch to other jobs for they are not required for the same workload. What are the impacts of future artificial intelligence on architects and architectural design forms? The impacts can be imagined in a near future. Currently, the speed of technical development has greatly exceeded what we can imagine, and our knowledge has been rapidly out of dated as a result. We may not imagine the groundbreaking impacts of AI on the architectural design industry, but the day is not so far.
What makes people think that AI is terrible? According to Mr. Hawking, AI is the largest threat for mankind, and I cannot agree more about it. The fundamental rule of survival is the same for animals and plants, all behaviors are made for extending their own lives or that of relevant communities, which can be attributed to the deep-level genes. If the survival gene of AI is unlike that of humans, it will not be a threat for mankind. Why is that? It will not compete with us for resources if it has no genes of extending its life. As a result, it will not be a threat for human.
At present, what makes people feel that AlphaGo is horrible? When it plays go, a set of procedures or rules are not set for it to compete with human but learning experience from humans’ go skills. The matter is somewhat scared for it can learn human experience. From the perspective of history, the human history is one full of wars. If AI learns human experiences such as how dynasties were toppled and how to win a victory of a war, the survival genes of AI and those of human will have overlaps as a result. Once such overlaps occur, AI may destroy mankind as if some people killing Indians after going to America and killing Maori after arriving in Australia. Will AI slaughter mankind when its capacity excels that of mankind?